Hypomineralisation is a condition of teeth where the enamel has areas of less mineral than unaffected enamal. The teeth most likely effected are the first molar teeth (which erupt at 6 -8 years) and the anterior incisor teeth.
Teeth with hypomineralisation may have patches of very white, yellow or brown enamel (that is not the result of decay). These areas contain up to 21% less mineral.
Problems this may cause -
Why does hypomineralisation occur?
We don't really know.
The problem occurs during the development of the tooth so things that occur to children between the ages of 0 and 4 years have all been blamed e.g. high temperature fevers; ear infections; antibiotics used to treat high temperatures or ear infections!
There does tend to be a family tendency towards teeth with hypomineralisation but it is hard to know if the factors are genetic or the tendencies to have similar environmental problems.
Difficulties in treatment
It has been shown that hypomineralised teeth are three times more likely to lose any fillings or seals than normal enamelled teeth. Therefore we need to carefully watch and retreat these teeth.
These teeth may need crowns at a younger age to preserve them. Where the condition is extensive extraction and orthodontic treatment may be the best long term choice.
What you can do
Because a hypomineralised tooth is much more likely to be decayed it is important that children with these teeth are helped by the parents to be very conscientious about diet and cleaning. A desensitizing toothpaste may help with sensitivitiy and tooth mousse is another helpful option.
Mon - Fri 8:30 am -5:30 pm
Sat 8.30 am -1 pm
575 Riversdale Rd
Camberwell VIC 3124 AU
Monash University Health Service Dental Clinic (Clayton)
21 Chancellors Walk, Building 10,
Clayton Campus, Wellington Road, Clayton.
03 9905 1000
Two convenient locations
Camberwell and Monash University
Dr Erik Magee BDSc (Melb)
Dr Stephen Liew BDSc (Mel), FPFA, FADI, MAICD, FICD
Dr Sue King BDSc (Melb)
Dr Lin Liang BDSc (Hons Melb)
Dr Jordan Hawkins DDSc (Melb)
Dr Marjan Ardebili BDS (Manchester,UK), MFDS (RCS Ed)
Dr Nigel Gamage BDSc (Sheffield)
Dr Balakka Reddy BDSc
Mr Richard Huggins MBBS (Hons), BDSc, BSc, BSc (Hons), Grad Dip Surg Anat, MPhil, FRACDS
Camberwell Dental Group and Monash University Dental Clinic. Dentists promoting health care for life. Family orientated